CDC studies find racial and ethnic disparities in Covid-19 hospitalizations, ER visits

Racial and ethnic minority groups had higher rates of hospitalization for Covid-19 and sought emergency department care for Covid-19 more when compared to White people, according to two new studies published Monday in the US Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

Posted: Apr 12, 2021 6:41 PM

(CNN) -- Racial and ethnic minority groups had higher rates of hospitalization for Covid-19 and sought emergency department care for Covid-19 more when compared to White people, according to two new studies published Monday in the US Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

The reports underscore "the need to address health inequities in our country, including and our vaccination efforts," CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky said Monday during a White House Covid-19 briefing.

"We must acknowledge the disparities that exist and commit to an equitable distribution of vaccines, particularly to those communities that have been hardest hit by the virus."

The first study considered data from March to December 2020 found that racial and ethnic minority groups experienced higher proportions of Covid-19-related hospitalizations compared with White patients. In every US region, Hispanic patients represented the highest cumulative proportion of hospitalized patients with Covid-19.

Racial and ethnic disparities in the proportion of hospitalized patients were largest early in the pandemic, from April to July, and became less pronounced as hospitalizations increased among White patients. Declining disparities did not necessarily reflect reduced risk or better outcomes for minorities, but rather, increased risk for White patients, the authors said.

Still, disparities remained at of the end of the study period in all regions, particularly among Hispanics in the West. Researchers said these disparities are driven by higher risk factors for exposure to the coronavirus and a higher risk of severe disease.

The second study found that some racial and ethnic groups, including Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native and Black people, received emergency department care for Covid-19 at disproportionately higher rates compared with White patients.

Data from 13 states indicate that, compared with White people, Hispanic and American Indian or Alaska Native persons experienced 1.7 times the rate, and Black persons experienced 1.4 times the rate of emergency department care visits for Covid-19 from October to December 2020.

In every age group, Hispanic patients and American Indiana or Alaska Native patients were more likely to seek emergency department care for Covid-19 than White people. Black people age 74 and older were more likely to seek emergency department care than White people, but no differences were observed for those under 75.

Because the data used in the study came from 13 states, it may not be generalizable across the country. White people also represent a larger percentage of the population in the 13 states, compared with national population distribution.

The authors say that it is important to prioritize prevention resources, management of underlying health conditions, safe school and work conditions, flexible leave policies and enhanced access to and acceptability of Covid-19 testing and vaccination to reach these disproportionately affected groups.

'We must do better'
Walensky said Monday that the new reports and ongoing surveillance data from states make clear there's a "critical need and an important opportunity to address health equity as a core element in all of our public health efforts."

"These disparities were not caused by the pandemic, but they were certainly exacerbated," Walensky said during the White House Covid-19 briefing. "The Covid-19 pandemic and its disproportional impact on communities of color is just the most recent and glaring example of health inequities that threaten the health of our nation."

Her comment followed her statement last week that racism is a public health epidemic -- and assurance that CDC will continue to study the impact of social determinants of health.

She said Monday the CDC is pushing for more vaccinations in hard-hit communities, increasing funding for vaccine access and uptake and community health workers, as well as funding for testing efforts in high-risk, underserved communities. The CDC also recently launched a new Racism and Health website.

So far, Walensky said, Black people make up about 12% of the US population, but just 8.4% of those receiving at least one dose of vaccine; and 18% of the US population identifies as Hispanic or Latino, but they make up only 10.7% of those receiving vaccinations.

"We must do better and we will do better," Walensky said Monday.

The-CNN-Wire
™ & © 2021 Cable News Network, Inc., a WarnerMedia Company. All rights reserved.

Terre Haute
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 47°
Robinson
Clear
41° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 41°
Indianapolis
Cloudy
49° wxIcon
Hi: 57° Lo: 35°
Feels Like: 45°
Rockville
Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 60° Lo: 34°
Feels Like: 42°
Casey
Partly Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 38°
Feels Like: 43°
Brazil
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 60° Lo: 35°
Feels Like: 47°
Marshall
Partly Cloudy
47° wxIcon
Hi: 62° Lo: 34°
Feels Like: 47°
Another Chilly Night
WTHI Planner
WTHI Temps
WTHI Radar

Latest Video

Image

Marshall baseball beats Casey-Westfield

Image

Hagen Knepp Earns Junior All-Star Selection

Image

THN Boys win Travis Smith Vigo County Golf Match

Image

Casey-Westfield softball beats Marshall

Image

Casey-Westfield softball beats Marshall

Image

Lincoln Hale Commits to Indiana Wesleyn

Image

Rick's Rallies

Image

Vincennes Parks Superintendent Steve Beamon resigns from department

Image

Legislature votes to override governor's veto

Image

Parke County Community Crossings grant

WTHI Events

 

Illinois Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 7 p.m. CT)

Cases: 1354869

Reported Deaths: 24577
CountyCasesDeaths
Cook54245010056
DuPage900321276
Will75056989
Lake66830984
Kane58044770
Winnebago32927472
Madison30392518
McHenry28413285
St. Clair27762512
Peoria22956300
Champaign20530145
Sangamon18625234
McLean18041178
Tazewell16843282
Rock Island14861308
Kankakee14074209
Kendall1294192
LaSalle12459243
Macon10698198
DeKalb9812119
Vermilion9545132
Adams8407123
Williamson7397129
Whiteside7126171
Boone666472
Ogle607681
Grundy585275
Clinton575190
Coles566594
Knox5525141
Jackson500364
Henry492963
Livingston480185
Stephenson473381
Effingham472172
Woodford471776
Macoupin467581
Marion4459115
Franklin443774
Monroe435593
Jefferson4270120
Lee414152
Randolph412684
Fulton389555
Morgan386981
Logan385057
Montgomery370873
Bureau369682
Christian364473
Fayette316955
Perry315860
Iroquois299366
McDonough281947
Jersey268849
Douglas258335
Saline256154
Lawrence240425
Shelby229037
Union225240
Crawford211426
Bond203724
Cass198425
Jo Daviess180524
Warren179246
Pike178652
Clark178533
Ford177446
Wayne176852
Hancock175231
Carroll174536
Richland174140
White169326
Edgar168539
Washington163825
Moultrie160426
De Witt149824
Mason149745
Clay148043
Piatt147914
Mercer145633
Greene143233
Johnson142715
Wabash134612
Massac133440
Cumberland129119
Menard122912
Jasper115018
Marshall105818
Hamilton83115
Schuyler7435
Brown7036
Pulaski6837
Stark63423
Edwards56812
Henderson52514
Calhoun5162
Putnam4813
Scott4781
Alexander46711
Gallatin4584
Hardin38412
Pope3174
Out of IL10
Unassigned02354

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 8 p.m. ET)

Cases: 729716

Reported Deaths: 13418
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion998331740
Lake53638968
Allen40585676
St. Joseph35651550
Hamilton35569408
Elkhart28514442
Tippecanoe22386219
Vanderburgh22300397
Porter18725308
Johnson17933379
Hendricks17209315
Clark12951191
Madison12649339
Vigo12440246
LaPorte11890211
Monroe11883170
Delaware10676186
Howard9908216
Kosciusko9401117
Hancock8275141
Bartholomew8061155
Warrick7778155
Floyd7657178
Wayne7042199
Grant7041174
Boone6690101
Morgan6563139
Dubois6153117
Marshall6039111
Dearborn580478
Cass5803105
Henry5713103
Noble560383
Jackson501673
Shelby490796
Lawrence4531120
Harrison435472
Gibson435092
DeKalb427885
Clinton427153
Montgomery423888
Whitley395639
Huntington390680
Steuben387057
Miami381566
Knox371990
Jasper364947
Putnam359960
Wabash353679
Adams341254
Ripley339570
Jefferson330681
White313854
Daviess296799
Wells291481
Decatur284892
Fayette280462
Greene278585
Posey271433
LaGrange266170
Scott265653
Clay259747
Washington240632
Randolph240281
Spencer232131
Jennings229949
Starke216353
Fountain212246
Sullivan211542
Owen199256
Fulton195440
Jay194730
Carroll188520
Orange182954
Perry182837
Rush173125
Vermillion169243
Franklin168035
Tipton162845
Parke146216
Blackford134732
Pike133834
Pulaski116745
Newton107734
Brown102041
Crawford99714
Benton98614
Martin88615
Warren82015
Switzerland7898
Union71010
Ohio56811
Unassigned0415