A major spring storm has unloaded heavy snow and blizzard conditions from the Dakotas to Minnesota and is expected to make travel a nightmare for hundreds of thousands of people still in its path Thursday as it makes its way toward Canada.
Blizzard warnings stretch from Colorado to Minnesota, and winter storm warnings and advisories encompass a larger area, from Utah into Michigan, the National Weather Service said. Officials urged drivers to be cautious, with states such as South Dakota warning people in some counties to stay off the roads completely.
"Really hope this is the last snow storm we'll have to post about this spring," the National Weather Service tweeted. "But ... it's worth repeating. Stay safe out there!"
The heaviest snow Thursday will fall in western Nebraska, much of South Dakota and much of Minnesota as the system tracks northeast into Canada. Those areas could get 2 feet of snow by Friday morning, with 30 inches possible in places.
More than 40,000 utility customers were without power Thursday morning, mainly in Minnesota and South Dakota.
Second bomb cyclone hits the region in 4 weeks
This is the second bomb cyclone to hit the Rockies and Plains in four weeks, and it's delivering a temperature shock to a region that had been enjoying springlike conditions, dropping snow Wednesday in parts of Wyoming, Colorado, South Dakota and Minnesota.
The extremely powerful storm produced wind gusts of hurricane strength. The strongest wind gust reported was in Pueblo, Colorado, at 107 mph -- the equivalent of sustained winds in a Category 2 hurricane.
High winds will continue Thursday. Wind advisories or warnings stretch from Texas and Louisiana north into the Upper Midwest.
Four weeks ago, a similarly powerful system dumped heavy snow and rain on some of the same regions, leaving hundreds of millions of dollars in livestock and crop damage in Nebraska alone, largely through flooding.
It's rare enough to have one bomb cyclone to form inland, much less two in a month. More typically, bomb cyclones form off the US East Coast as nor'easters.
A bomb cyclone is a rapidly strengthening storm that reaches a certain standard in 24 hours. Generally, that criterion is a low pressure that drops 24 millibars (a unit of pressure) in 24 hours.
But that benchmark also is based on the storm's latitude, and at Colorado's latitude, this storm needed to drop only around 18 millibars in 24 hours, which it did, CNN meteorologist Brandon Miller said.
Stay off the roads, drivers are warned
In some states, getting from one point to another will be a nightmare.
The National Weather Service office in Nebraska said travel will be almost impossible until Friday morning, using language nearly mirrored by offices throughout the region.
In South Dakota, the sheriff's departments of Deuel and Hamlin counties asked people to refrain from driving through the area Thursday as the blizzard shut down parts of interstates.
"Roads are becoming impassable. Unless you are experiencing an emergency, please stay off the roads," the National Weather Service said.
As the storm moved east, authorities reported treacherous travel conditions, flight cancellations and traffic pileups. The Minnesota State Patrol responded to 213 crashes by Wednesday evening. Of those, 33 involved injuries, authorities tweeted.
In Colorado, Gov. Jared Polis activated the state's national guard to help stranded motorists.
Temperature plummet precedes flood and fire risks
Earlier this week, Denver had been basking in springlike conditions, with 78 degrees Tuesday, a near-record high for that date. By Wednesday, snow was falling.
And the Minneapolis/St. Paul area, which also enjoyed warmth this week, could soon see up to 5 inches of snow.
The fresh snowfall could lead to additional flooding in the region.
In South Dakota and western Minnesota, rivers will see moderate to major flooding as additional snow will slow the rate at which waters recede.
The Red River is experiencing significant flooding because of melting snow, with this new storm likely prolonging the high water.
A warmer section of the storm, meanwhile, brings a slight risk of severe thunderstorms Thursday to parts of Illinois and Indiana.
In Iowa, Gov. Kim Reynolds urged residents to make preparations for flooding.
South of the blizzard, wind gusts and dry conditions will pose wildfire threats Thursday in parts of southern Arizona, southern New Mexico, West Texas and southwestern Missouri.
On Wednesday, winds gusted as high as 75 mph -- right at hurricane strength -- in New Mexico, CNN meteorologist Taylor Ward said. Winds reached 60 mph in West Texas.
Airlines allow travelers to change tickets
Frontier and United airlines will allow passengers scheduled to travel Wednesday or Thursday within the Plains area to change their tickets at no charge.
Frontier said customers whose flights are canceled may request a refund. Delta said it will waive any applicable fees for travelers who want to change their flights. "In the event your selected flight is canceled by Delta, we will contact you with additional information," the airline said in a statement.
Southwest said some flights may be disrupted until Thursday and urged travelers to check their flight status and explore their options on its website.
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