STREAMING NOW: Watch Now

Bashar al-Assad Fast Facts

Here's a look at the life of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.Personal:...

Posted: Sep 4, 2018 11:23 AM
Updated: Sep 4, 2018 11:23 AM

Here's a look at the life of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Personal:
Birth date: September 11, 1965

Armed forces

Bashar al-Assad

Business, economy and trade

Damascus

Embargoes and sanctions

European Union

Hafez Assad

International relations

International trade

International trade law

Middle East

Middle East and North Africa

Military

North America

Syria

Syria conflict

Trade and development

Trade regulation and policy

United States

Unrest, conflicts and war

International relations and national security

Nontariff barriers

Political Figures - Intl

ISIS

National security

Terrorism

Terrorism and counter-terrorism

Fast Facts

Marie Colvin

Continents and regions

Government organizations - Intl

Misc people

The Americas

Birth place: Damascus, Syria

Father: Hafez Assad, late Syrian President

Mother: Anisa Makhlouf al-Assad

Marriage: Asma (Akhras) al-Assad (2000-present)

Children: Karim, 2004; Zein, 2003; Hafez, 2001

Education: University of Damascus, Medicine, 1988; Ophthalmology residency, London, 1992-1994

Military service: Syrian Army, 1999, Colonel

Religion: Alawite Muslim

Timeline:
1994 - Syrian President Hafez Assad's oldest son and heir apparent, Basel, dies in a car accident. Second son Bashar, is called back from medical training in Britain and is groomed to take over his father's role as president.

1999 - Assad becomes a colonel in the Syrian army.

June 10, 2000 - President Hafez Assad dies of a heart attack after 29 years in office.

July 10, 2000 - Assad is elected unopposed as president of Syria.

January 2006 - Assad and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hold a summit meeting in Damascus. Assad declares his support for Iran's nuclear program.

April 2006 - Assad meets with the head of a United Nations panel investigating the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese premier Rafik Hariri.

May 29, 2007 - Runs unopposed for president and is elected to a second seven-year term.

October 14, 2008 - Assad signs a decree establishing diplomatic relations between Syria and Lebanon.

April 21, 2011 - In response to Arab Spring protests, Assad lifts the country's 48-year-old state of emergency law. The law, which went into effect in 1963, restricted freedom of speech and gave the government broad power to detain people for perceived threats to national security.

May 18, 2011 - The United States imposes sanctions against Assad and six other senior Syrian officials. The Treasury Department details the sanctions by saying, "As a result of this action, any property in the United States or in the possession or control of US persons in which the individuals listed in the Annex have an interest is blocked, and US persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them."

May 19, 2011 - Assad is harshly criticized in a speech by US President Barack Obama. Obama says Syrians have displayed "courage in demanding a transition to democracy [but Assad's regime] has chosen the path of murder and the mass arrests of its citizens...President Assad now has a choice: He can lead that transition, or get out of the way."

August 18, 2011 - Both the United States and the European Union call for Assad to step down. US authorities also impose new economic sanctions against Damascus, freezing Syrian government assets in the United States, barring Americans from making new investments in Syria and prohibiting any US transactions relating to Syrian petroleum products, among other things.

October 10, 2011 - A statement issued after a meeting attended by all 27 foreign ministers in the European Union condemns "in the strongest possible terms the ongoing brutal repression led by the Syrian regime," and declares that Syria's leader must resign "to allow a political transition to take place in Syria."

November 14, 2011 - Jordan's King Abdullah calls on Assad to resign.

November 20, 2011 - In an interview with a British newspaper, Assad warns other countries that military intervention in Syria would have "very dire" repercussions and that his country "will not back down" in the face of international pressure and condemnation.

November 22, 2011 - Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan calls on Assad to resign and warns that he faces the same fate as Benito Mussolini, Nicolae Ceausescu, and Moammar Gadhafi, all leaders killed by their own people.

December 7, 2011 - In an interview with ABC's Barbara Walters, Assad denies responsibility for the violence in Syria and distances himself from the behavior of his armed forces.

February 3, 2012 - Date of leaked email from Asma al-Assad to a friend discussing the merits of buying a certain pair of shoes, Christian Louboutin crystal-covered pumps for about $7,000. The same day 200 Syrians are reported to have died in Homs.

March 10-11, 2012 - Assad meets twice with then-UN envoy Kofi Annan to discuss the bloodshed in Syria.

March 23, 2012 - European Union sanctions are placed on Assad's wife, Asma, his mother, sister and sister-in-law. Their EU assets are frozen and a travel ban prevents them from traveling to any EU country. London-born Asma al-Assad cannot be barred entry into Britain despite the EU ban.

July 18, 2012 - Syria's Deputy Defense Minister Assef Shawkat -- Assad's brother-in-law is killed, along with two other regime officials, in an explosion at a national security building in Damascus.

April 17, 2013 - In an interview with Syria state TV network al Ekhbariya, Assad compares the support of rebels in Syria now to the backing of fighters in Afghanistan during their war with Soviet troops in the 1980s. He predicts that the rebel groups will one day turn against the United States and others.

June 3, 2014 - Is re-elected with 88.7% of the vote, according to reports on state run television. It's Syria's first election since the start of civil war in 2011.

February 10, 2015 - In an interview with the BBC, Assad says his regime is apprised of US-led coalition efforts against ISIS in Syria -- not by the Americans, but through third parties such as Iraq. Assad also says that Syria won't join the international coalition trying to "degrade and destroy" ISIS.

December 1, 2015 - In an interview with Czech TV, Assad says that US-led airstrikes against ISIS have not slowed the terrorist organization, and that ISIS has only recently begun to shrink due to Russia's direct involvement.

July 9, 2016 - Assad is named in a wrongful death lawsuit filed in federal court in Washington, DC by the family of journalist, Marie Colvin, who was killed in 2012 while covering the war in Syria. According to the lawsuit, Colvin was targeted in a rocket attack by Syrian government agents because of her reporting. Colvin and other journalists were tracked by the Syrian regime, the documents say. Days later, during an interview with NBC News, Assad denies that the government was responsible for Colvin's death. He says she entered the country illegally, putting herself at risk.

April 11, 2017 - Russian president Vladimir Putin claims, without evidence, that a deadly chemical attack on April 4 in the town of Khan Sheikhoun was staged to frame Assad and his regime. Putin says that more chemical attacks are being planned by opponents of Assad to provoke action by the United States.

May 31, 2018 - Assad calls on America to leave Syria in an interview with Russia Today. Assad states "The Americans should leave. Somehow, they're going to leave. They came to Iraq with no legal basis, and look what happened to them. They have to learn their lesson. Iraq is no exception. Syria is no exception. People will not accept foreigners in this region any more."

Terre Haute
Broken Clouds
72° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 54°
Feels Like: 72°
Robinson
Clear
66° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 52°
Feels Like: 66°
Indianapolis
Broken Clouds
68° wxIcon
Hi: 80° Lo: 60°
Feels Like: 68°
Rockville
Scattered Clouds
65° wxIcon
Hi: 81° Lo: 54°
Feels Like: 65°
Casey
Overcast
62° wxIcon
Hi: 80° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 62°
Brazil
Broken Clouds
72° wxIcon
Hi: 81° Lo: 55°
Feels Like: 72°
Marshall
Broken Clouds
72° wxIcon
Hi: 83° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 72°
Rain showers expected overnight
WTHI Planner
WTHI Temps
WTHI Radar

Latest Video

Image

Woman remembers national hero

Image

Terre Haute Symphony Orchestra Concert

Image

Athletes clean up Wabashiki

Image

High speed police chase ends in Vermillion county with gunfire

Image

Farms open for Fall season

Image

Annual Fall-out Ride

Image

'Cruisin' for Cruisers' car show

Image

Swing for a Cure

Image

Walk to End Alzheimer's

Image

Cory Apple Festival

WTHI Events

 

Illinois Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 7 p.m. CT)

Confirmed Cases: 288773

Reported Deaths: 8832
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Cook1430845203
DuPage17393560
Lake16794487
Will13917378
Kane13065326
St. Clair6574190
Winnebago5848149
Madison5666136
Champaign464520
McHenry4567118
Peoria345949
McLean326023
Rock Island297176
Kankakee273177
Unassigned2538244
Sangamon240145
Kendall199725
Tazewell174923
LaSalle170157
DeKalb156738
Macon150344
Coles145030
Williamson139045
Jackson125924
Clinton115320
Boone111323
Adams111210
Randolph93711
Effingham8653
Vermilion7454
Whiteside73820
Ogle6956
Monroe67315
Grundy6675
Henry6645
Morgan65523
Knox6483
Bureau63711
Jefferson60038
Marion5480
Macoupin5407
Christian53711
Franklin5303
Stephenson5176
Union51424
McDonough48015
Logan4611
Crawford4403
Woodford4206
Fayette4063
Cass39511
Jersey39015
Livingston3886
Shelby3854
Montgomery37113
Lee3681
Iroquois36419
Perry34715
Saline3344
Warren3302
Bond3225
Douglas3087
Wayne2785
Jo Daviess2592
Lawrence2542
Carroll2274
Greene22611
Cumberland2155
Hancock2153
Moultrie2143
Jasper2119
Washington2101
Richland2055
Fulton1740
Pulaski1741
Clark1722
White1670
Johnson1530
Clay1510
Wabash1513
Mason1451
Mercer1375
Piatt1370
Pike1271
Menard1251
De Witt1161
Edgar1138
Massac1092
Ford1045
Marshall1010
Alexander801
Scott780
Gallatin722
Hamilton681
Henderson660
Edwards630
Brown590
Calhoun590
Putnam570
Stark552
Schuyler490
Hardin390
Pope291
Out of IL30

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 8 p.m. ET)

Confirmed Cases: 116549

Reported Deaths: 3577
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Marion21322766
Lake10566323
Elkhart6623111
St. Joseph6488109
Allen6244203
Hamilton4893109
Vanderburgh365231
Hendricks2741123
Monroe259836
Tippecanoe248313
Johnson2328124
Clark222757
Porter215447
Delaware196062
Cass19509
Vigo183527
Madison167075
LaPorte144440
Floyd137063
Warrick133039
Howard131363
Kosciusko121817
Bartholomew117057
Marshall100724
Boone98146
Dubois97919
Hancock93043
Grant92534
Noble91532
Henry80326
Wayne76114
Jackson7589
Morgan72438
Shelby67429
Daviess67228
Dearborn66428
LaGrange63811
Clinton60214
Harrison58224
Putnam57912
Gibson5225
Knox5179
Lawrence51229
Montgomery51121
White48614
DeKalb48311
Decatur45839
Miami4363
Greene42635
Fayette42213
Jasper3962
Steuben3857
Scott37711
Sullivan33712
Posey3350
Jennings31412
Franklin30925
Clay3015
Ripley2988
Orange28824
Whitley2766
Carroll27513
Wabash2688
Adams2663
Washington2661
Starke2647
Wells2634
Jefferson2483
Spencer2463
Fulton2412
Huntington2363
Tipton22722
Perry21913
Randolph2167
Jay1850
Newton17311
Owen1691
Martin1660
Rush1554
Pike1511
Vermillion1300
Fountain1272
Blackford1193
Pulaski1131
Crawford1070
Brown1043
Parke1002
Benton870
Union790
Ohio787
Switzerland690
Warren401
Unassigned0226