Bashar al-Assad Fast Facts

Here's a look at the life of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.Personal:...

Posted: Sep 4, 2018 11:23 AM
Updated: Sep 4, 2018 11:23 AM

Here's a look at the life of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.

Personal:
Birth date: September 11, 1965

Armed forces

Bashar al-Assad

Business, economy and trade

Damascus

Embargoes and sanctions

European Union

Hafez Assad

International relations

International trade

International trade law

Middle East

Middle East and North Africa

Military

North America

Syria

Syria conflict

Trade and development

Trade regulation and policy

United States

Unrest, conflicts and war

International relations and national security

Nontariff barriers

Political Figures - Intl

ISIS

National security

Terrorism

Terrorism and counter-terrorism

Fast Facts

Marie Colvin

Continents and regions

Government organizations - Intl

Misc people

The Americas

Birth place: Damascus, Syria

Father: Hafez Assad, late Syrian President

Mother: Anisa Makhlouf al-Assad

Marriage: Asma (Akhras) al-Assad (2000-present)

Children: Karim, 2004; Zein, 2003; Hafez, 2001

Education: University of Damascus, Medicine, 1988; Ophthalmology residency, London, 1992-1994

Military service: Syrian Army, 1999, Colonel

Religion: Alawite Muslim

Timeline:
1994 - Syrian President Hafez Assad's oldest son and heir apparent, Basel, dies in a car accident. Second son Bashar, is called back from medical training in Britain and is groomed to take over his father's role as president.

1999 - Assad becomes a colonel in the Syrian army.

June 10, 2000 - President Hafez Assad dies of a heart attack after 29 years in office.

July 10, 2000 - Assad is elected unopposed as president of Syria.

January 2006 - Assad and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad hold a summit meeting in Damascus. Assad declares his support for Iran's nuclear program.

April 2006 - Assad meets with the head of a United Nations panel investigating the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese premier Rafik Hariri.

May 29, 2007 - Runs unopposed for president and is elected to a second seven-year term.

October 14, 2008 - Assad signs a decree establishing diplomatic relations between Syria and Lebanon.

April 21, 2011 - In response to Arab Spring protests, Assad lifts the country's 48-year-old state of emergency law. The law, which went into effect in 1963, restricted freedom of speech and gave the government broad power to detain people for perceived threats to national security.

May 18, 2011 - The United States imposes sanctions against Assad and six other senior Syrian officials. The Treasury Department details the sanctions by saying, "As a result of this action, any property in the United States or in the possession or control of US persons in which the individuals listed in the Annex have an interest is blocked, and US persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them."

May 19, 2011 - Assad is harshly criticized in a speech by US President Barack Obama. Obama says Syrians have displayed "courage in demanding a transition to democracy [but Assad's regime] has chosen the path of murder and the mass arrests of its citizens...President Assad now has a choice: He can lead that transition, or get out of the way."

August 18, 2011 - Both the United States and the European Union call for Assad to step down. US authorities also impose new economic sanctions against Damascus, freezing Syrian government assets in the United States, barring Americans from making new investments in Syria and prohibiting any US transactions relating to Syrian petroleum products, among other things.

October 10, 2011 - A statement issued after a meeting attended by all 27 foreign ministers in the European Union condemns "in the strongest possible terms the ongoing brutal repression led by the Syrian regime," and declares that Syria's leader must resign "to allow a political transition to take place in Syria."

November 14, 2011 - Jordan's King Abdullah calls on Assad to resign.

November 20, 2011 - In an interview with a British newspaper, Assad warns other countries that military intervention in Syria would have "very dire" repercussions and that his country "will not back down" in the face of international pressure and condemnation.

November 22, 2011 - Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan calls on Assad to resign and warns that he faces the same fate as Benito Mussolini, Nicolae Ceausescu, and Moammar Gadhafi, all leaders killed by their own people.

December 7, 2011 - In an interview with ABC's Barbara Walters, Assad denies responsibility for the violence in Syria and distances himself from the behavior of his armed forces.

February 3, 2012 - Date of leaked email from Asma al-Assad to a friend discussing the merits of buying a certain pair of shoes, Christian Louboutin crystal-covered pumps for about $7,000. The same day 200 Syrians are reported to have died in Homs.

March 10-11, 2012 - Assad meets twice with then-UN envoy Kofi Annan to discuss the bloodshed in Syria.

March 23, 2012 - European Union sanctions are placed on Assad's wife, Asma, his mother, sister and sister-in-law. Their EU assets are frozen and a travel ban prevents them from traveling to any EU country. London-born Asma al-Assad cannot be barred entry into Britain despite the EU ban.

July 18, 2012 - Syria's Deputy Defense Minister Assef Shawkat -- Assad's brother-in-law is killed, along with two other regime officials, in an explosion at a national security building in Damascus.

April 17, 2013 - In an interview with Syria state TV network al Ekhbariya, Assad compares the support of rebels in Syria now to the backing of fighters in Afghanistan during their war with Soviet troops in the 1980s. He predicts that the rebel groups will one day turn against the United States and others.

June 3, 2014 - Is re-elected with 88.7% of the vote, according to reports on state run television. It's Syria's first election since the start of civil war in 2011.

February 10, 2015 - In an interview with the BBC, Assad says his regime is apprised of US-led coalition efforts against ISIS in Syria -- not by the Americans, but through third parties such as Iraq. Assad also says that Syria won't join the international coalition trying to "degrade and destroy" ISIS.

December 1, 2015 - In an interview with Czech TV, Assad says that US-led airstrikes against ISIS have not slowed the terrorist organization, and that ISIS has only recently begun to shrink due to Russia's direct involvement.

July 9, 2016 - Assad is named in a wrongful death lawsuit filed in federal court in Washington, DC by the family of journalist, Marie Colvin, who was killed in 2012 while covering the war in Syria. According to the lawsuit, Colvin was targeted in a rocket attack by Syrian government agents because of her reporting. Colvin and other journalists were tracked by the Syrian regime, the documents say. Days later, during an interview with NBC News, Assad denies that the government was responsible for Colvin's death. He says she entered the country illegally, putting herself at risk.

April 11, 2017 - Russian president Vladimir Putin claims, without evidence, that a deadly chemical attack on April 4 in the town of Khan Sheikhoun was staged to frame Assad and his regime. Putin says that more chemical attacks are being planned by opponents of Assad to provoke action by the United States.

May 31, 2018 - Assad calls on America to leave Syria in an interview with Russia Today. Assad states "The Americans should leave. Somehow, they're going to leave. They came to Iraq with no legal basis, and look what happened to them. They have to learn their lesson. Iraq is no exception. Syria is no exception. People will not accept foreigners in this region any more."

Terre Haute
Mostly Cloudy
41° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 41°
Robinson
Cloudy
38° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 38°
Indianapolis/Eagle Creek
Partly Cloudy
39° wxIcon
Hi: 60° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 39°
Paris
Partly Cloudy
41° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 35°
Feels Like: 36°
Mattoon/Charleston
Cloudy
45° wxIcon
Hi: 60° Lo: 36°
Feels Like: 41°
Terre Haute
Partly Cloudy
41° wxIcon
Hi: 61° Lo: 35°
Feels Like: 41°
Terre Haute
Cloudy
41° wxIcon
Hi: 60° Lo: 34°
Feels Like: 41°
Cloudy and a little warmer!
WTHI Planner
WTHI Temps
WTHI Radar

WTHI Events

 

Illinois Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 7 p.m. CT)

Cases: 1312620

Reported Deaths: 24056
CountyCasesDeaths
Cook5258549860
DuPage871721255
Will72414968
Lake65012969
Kane56108756
Winnebago31421460
Madison29941515
McHenry27305279
St. Clair27246504
Peoria21618285
Champaign19921139
Sangamon17912230
McLean17130172
Tazewell16176259
Rock Island14360305
Kankakee13622199
Kendall1245290
LaSalle11878233
Macon10307191
DeKalb9432118
Vermilion9117128
Adams8243117
Williamson7236126
Whiteside6937166
Boone644671
Ogle581578
Clinton571890
Grundy563771
Coles555094
Knox5354137
Jackson487263
Henry475863
Effingham468672
Livingston462583
Macoupin461181
Stephenson455981
Woodford444364
Marion4419115
Franklin433870
Monroe431990
Jefferson4174119
Randolph409584
Lee401951
Morgan378279
Fulton370050
Logan367156
Montgomery364773
Bureau355481
Christian353172
Fayette314154
Perry313059
Iroquois291564
Jersey263849
McDonough262344
Douglas255335
Saline251753
Lawrence239525
Shelby225137
Union223040
Crawford209325
Bond199424
Cass195124
Jo Daviess177724
Pike177551
Clark176832
Warren174646
Wayne173652
Hancock173230
Richland172140
Carroll172036
Ford170746
Edgar167239
White166626
Washington162825
Moultrie157826
Clay147443
Mason143242
Greene142633
Piatt142014
Johnson140314
De Witt139823
Mercer137333
Wabash134112
Massac131440
Cumberland128319
Menard119112
Jasper114317
Marshall99917
Hamilton82415
Schuyler7125
Brown6896
Pulaski6807
Stark61523
Edwards55912
Henderson52114
Calhoun5122
Scott4691
Alexander46211
Gallatin4534
Putnam4533
Hardin37012
Pope3073
Out of IL30
Unassigned02301

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 8 p.m. ET)

Cases: 711787

Reported Deaths: 13252
CountyCasesDeaths
Marion970181723
Lake52028950
Allen39414672
Hamilton34709406
St. Joseph34386543
Elkhart27543433
Vanderburgh22109394
Tippecanoe21967213
Porter18043301
Johnson17600374
Hendricks16873310
Clark12728190
Madison12379337
Vigo12248244
Monroe11535166
LaPorte11258204
Delaware10390184
Howard9712211
Kosciusko9184114
Hancock8031139
Bartholomew7925155
Warrick7709155
Floyd7574176
Wayne6921198
Grant6862171
Boone6584100
Morgan6425138
Dubois6101117
Marshall5819109
Dearborn572076
Cass5706104
Henry5591101
Noble544583
Jackson494672
Shelby481995
Lawrence4351118
Gibson429789
Harrison429371
Clinton421853
Montgomery419387
DeKalb414484
Whitley383239
Huntington380480
Miami374165
Steuben368757
Knox367589
Putnam353660
Jasper352946
Wabash348578
Adams338453
Ripley335769
Jefferson318180
White309254
Daviess290199
Wells286981
Decatur279792
Fayette277362
Greene270685
Posey269533
Scott262053
LaGrange256170
Clay255245
Randolph236780
Washington231931
Spencer228231
Jennings225548
Fountain209845
Sullivan208342
Starke206452
Owen192956
Fulton192440
Jay186629
Carroll186120
Perry181436
Orange178553
Rush170824
Vermillion166543
Franklin166035
Tipton161543
Parke144616
Blackford134131
Pike130934
Pulaski114445
Newton104434
Brown100740
Crawford98114
Benton97613
Martin83315
Warren80215
Switzerland7728
Union70210
Ohio56011
Unassigned0408