Trump administration ended protected status for 250,000 Salvadorans. These immigrants might be next

President Donald Trump's administration is significantly scaling back the number of immigrants granted what's known a...

Posted: Jan 9, 2018 9:20 PM
Updated: Jan 9, 2018 9:20 PM

President Donald Trump's administration is significantly scaling back the number of immigrants granted what's known as Temporary Protected Status, which allows them to live and work legally in the US.

TPS protects these individuals from deportation, as a form of humanitarian relief for people who would face extreme hardship if they were forced to return to homelands devastated by armed conflict and natural disasters.

Under the Trump administration, the Department of Homeland Security has announced the end of TPS for immigrants from El Salvador, Haiti, Sudan and Nicaragua but extended it for immigrants from South Sudan. And this year, the agency will decide whether to extend TPS for five other nations: Syria, Nepal, Honduras, Yemen and Somalia.

About 435,000 people from 10 countries have TPS, according to the latest data provided to CNN by US Citizenship and Immigration Services. Some activists and experts use lower estimates, noting that official statistics likely include people who are no longer in the program because their immigration status has changed or they have left the United States.

No matter how you slice it, tens of thousands will lose TPS in the coming years, which means they could face deportation if they don't leave the United States.

Here's a closer look at the 10 countries:

TPS is ending for these countries

Sudan

Status: Ends November 2, 2018, DHS announced in September 2017. This means Sudanese under TPS will have to find a different way to stay in the US or prepare to leave.

When TPS was designated: November 1997

Number of people with TPS: About 1,000

Cause: Sudan was designated for TPS based on the "ongoing armed conflict and extraordinary and temporary conditions." Sudan has been beset by conflicts, most notably the Darfur conflict, which began around 2003 when several rebel groups took up arms against the government in Khartoum. The situation in Sudan has improved in recent years, but concerns persist about its stability and human rights.

Why TPS was terminated: DHS' then-Acting Secretary Elaine Duke had "determined that conditions in Sudan no longer support its designation for Temporary Protected Status." The agency said nationals of Sudan could return "without posing a serious threat to their personal safety."

Nicaragua

Status: Ends January 5, 2019, DHS announced in November 2017.

When TPS was designated: January 1999

Number of people with TPS: About 5,300

Cause: Hurricane Mitch, a Category 5 storm, devastated the country in October 1998. Mitch was particularly destructive in Nicaragua and Honduras, killing about 11,000 people in Central America.

Why TPS was terminated: "It is no longer the case that Nicaragua is unable, temporarily, to handle adequately the return of nationals of Nicaragua," according to DHS. The agency stated that conditions affected by Hurricane Mitch have stabilized and that many of the homes destroyed by the storm have been rebuilt.

Haiti

Status: Ends July 22, 2019, DHS announced in November 2017.

When TPS was designated: January 2010

Number of people with TPS: About 58,700

Cause: A 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck in January 2010, and an estimated 220,000 to 300,000 people died. That year, DHS announced temporary refuge for Haitian nationals who were already in the US and "whose personal safety would be endangered by returning to Haiti."

Why TPS was terminated: After seven years, the DHS stated that "extraordinary but temporary conditions caused by the 2010 earthquake no longer exist. Thus, under the applicable statute, the current TPS designation must be terminated."

Thousands of Haitians concerned about losing TPS have crossed into Canada, to seek asylum there.

El Salvador

Status: Ends September 9, 2019, DHS announced in January 2018.

When TPS was designated: March 2001

Number of people with TPS: About 263,000

Cause: A 7.7-magnitude quake struck El Salvador in January 2001 and was the worst to hit the country in a decade. The devastation, along with two more damaging quakes the following month, spurred a decision allowing immigrants from El Salvador who'd been in the United States since mid-February 2001 to apply for TPS.

Why TPS was terminated: After nearly 17 years, the "original conditions caused by the 2001 earthquakes no longer exist," DHS said. It added that the US government has repatriated more than 39,000 Salvadorans in the last two years, "demonstrating that the temporary inability of El Salvador to adequately return their nationals after the earthquake has been addressed."

Decisions pending in 2018

Syria

Status: Extended through March 31, 2018, DHS announced in August 2016.

When TPS was designated: March 2012

Number of people with TPS: About 6,200

Cause: Syria was designated for TPS because of the ongoing armed conflict. Since the civil war began in 2011, an estimated 400,000 Syrians have been killed, according to the United Nations. The Syrian conflict broke out in 2011 with the Arab Spring uprising and rebel groups' attempts to overthrow President Bashar al-Assad's regime.

Why it was extended: An 18-month extension was given by the DHS in 2016, because "violent conflict and the deteriorating humanitarian crisis continue to pose significant risk throughout Syria."

Nepal

Status: Extended through June 24, 2018, DHS announced in October 2016.

When TPS was designated: June 2015

Number of people with TPS: About 13,000

Cause: TPS has protected Nepalese living in the United States since a destructive, 7.8-magnitude earthquake struck near the country's capital, Kathmandu. The April 2015 earthquake killed more than 8,000 people, and millions of homes cracked or collapsed.

Why it was extended: Conditions in Nepal have improved following the earthquake, DHS said in its 2016 decision to extend TPS for 18 more months. But the disaster resulted "in a substantial, but temporary, disruption of living conditions," the agency stated.

Honduras

Status: Extended through July 5, 2018, DHS announced in November 2017.

When TPS was designated: January 1999

Number of people with TPS: About 86,200

Cause: Hurricane Mitch, a Category 5 storm, devastated the country in October 1998. Mitch was particularly destructive in Nicaragua and Honduras, killing about 11,000 people in Central America.

Why it was extended: DHS postponed its decision, triggering an automatic six-month extension. Its then-acting secretary Elaine Duke had announced there was not enough information to make a formal decision.

Yemen

Status: Extended through September 3, 2018, DHS announced in January 2017.

When TPS was designated: September 2015

Number of people with TPS: About 800

Cause: A civil war broke out when Houthi rebels drove out the US-backed government, led by President Abdu Rabu Mansour Hadi, and took over the capital, Sanaa. The crisis quickly escalated into a multi-sided war leading to airstrikes in 2015. At least 10,000 people have been killed in the war, according to the United Nations, with millions more displaced.

Why it was extended: DHS granted an 18-month extension in 2017, because of the ongoing armed conflict in Yemen. It cited "continued deterioration of the conditions for civilians in Yemen" and said returning Yemeni nationals to the country would "pose a serious threat to their personal safety."

Somalia

Status: Extended through September 17, 2018, DHS announced in January 2017

When TPS was designated: September 1991

Number of people with TPS: About 500

Cause: Somalia was designated for TPS after the country descended into civil war after dictator Siad Barre's ouster in 1991. Nearing three decades of conflict, much of the country's governance structure, economic infrastructure, and institutions have been destroyed.

Why it was extended: "The security situation in Somalia remains fragile and volatile," according to DHS. The agency said Somalis couldn't safely return to the country. "Somalia continues to experience a complex protracted emergency that is one of the worst humanitarian crises in the world," it stated in 2017.

Decision pending in 2019

South Sudan

Status: Extended through May 2, 2019, DHS announced in September 2017.

When TPS was designated: November 2011

Number of people with TPS: About 50

Cause: South Sudan had been designated for TPS based on "ongoing armed conflict and extraordinary and temporary conditions." The country gained independence from Sudan in 2011 but remains torn by conflict.

Why it was extended: The ongoing armed conflict and the conditions have "persisted, and in some cases, deteriorated, and would pose a serious threat to the personal safety of South Sudanese nationals if they were required to return to their country," according to DHS.

Indiana Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 8 p.m. ET)

Confirmed Cases: 33558

Reported Deaths: 2110
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Marion9616571
Lake3538185
Cass15897
Allen145168
St. Joseph124834
Elkhart116328
Hendricks116171
Hamilton115693
Johnson1093108
Madison58559
Porter51627
Bartholomew50034
Clark49241
LaPorte42423
Howard39526
Tippecanoe3903
Jackson3791
Delaware37736
Shelby36822
Hancock32728
Floyd31839
Boone30935
Morgan27824
Vanderburgh2652
Montgomery23517
White2318
Decatur22431
Clinton2231
Noble21121
Grant20621
Harrison19221
Dubois1923
Henry16910
Greene16824
Monroe16612
Warrick16628
Dearborn16621
Vigo1648
Lawrence15423
Miami1411
Putnam1367
Jennings1304
Orange12522
Scott1193
Kosciusko1111
Franklin1098
Ripley1086
Carroll922
Marshall901
Daviess8516
Steuben812
Newton7710
Wayne776
Fayette767
Wabash762
LaGrange712
Jasper651
Washington521
Jay500
Fulton481
Clay471
Rush462
Randolph463
Pulaski460
Jefferson431
Whitley393
Starke363
Sullivan341
Owen341
Brown331
DeKalb331
Perry310
Benton300
Knox290
Wells280
Huntington272
Tipton251
Crawford240
Blackford242
Fountain202
Switzerland200
Spencer191
Parke170
Posey160
Gibson142
Adams131
Ohio130
Warren121
Martin110
Vermillion100
Union80
Pike60
Unassigned0164

Illinois Coronavirus Cases

(Widget updates once daily at 7 p.m. CT)

Confirmed Cases: 117455

Reported Deaths: 5270
CountyConfirmedDeaths
Cook762663570
Lake8063287
DuPage7543362
Kane6188170
Will5442269
Winnebago215654
McHenry151471
St. Clair109179
Kankakee87144
Kendall76919
Rock Island64624
Champaign6177
Madison56558
Boone42817
DeKalb3924
Sangamon34629
Jackson26810
Randolph2674
McLean21713
Peoria2128
Ogle2023
Stephenson1992
Macon19519
Clinton18117
Union1519
LaSalle14713
Whiteside13512
Iroquois1314
Coles12514
Unassigned1250
Out of IL1191
Warren1130
Jefferson10116
Knox970
Grundy952
Monroe9411
McDonough878
Lee791
Cass710
Tazewell714
Henry680
Williamson642
Pulaski510
Marion500
Jasper457
Macoupin452
Adams441
Perry420
Montgomery391
Vermilion391
Morgan351
Christian334
Jo Daviess320
Livingston322
Douglas260
Menard210
Fayette203
Ford201
Jersey201
Woodford192
Mason180
Washington180
Mercer170
Hancock160
Shelby161
Bureau151
Carroll142
Bond121
Franklin120
Piatt120
Schuyler120
Clark110
Crawford110
Fulton110
Moultrie110
Brown100
Cumberland100
Logan100
Wayne91
Alexander80
Henderson80
Effingham71
Johnson70
Massac70
Saline70
Greene50
Marshall50
De Witt40
Lawrence40
Richland30
Stark30
Clay20
Edwards20
Gallatin20
Hamilton20
Wabash20
White20
Calhoun10
Edgar10
Hardin10
Pike10
Pope10
Putnam10
Terre Haute
Clear
72° wxIcon
Hi: 75° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 72°
Robinson
Clear
72° wxIcon
Hi: 74° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 72°
Indianapolis
Broken Clouds
70° wxIcon
Hi: 71° Lo: 50°
Feels Like: 70°
Rockville
Broken Clouds
69° wxIcon
Hi: 73° Lo: 51°
Feels Like: 69°
Casey
Scattered Clouds
73° wxIcon
Hi: 73° Lo: 53°
Feels Like: 73°
Brazil
Clear
72° wxIcon
Hi: 73° Lo: 52°
Feels Like: 72°
Marshall
Clear
72° wxIcon
Hi: 74° Lo: 52°
Feels Like: 72°
A wonderful Saturday with sunshine expected!
WTHI Planner
WTHI Temps
WTHI Radar

WTHI Events